Pilkada DKI Jakarta: Between Political Money and Money Politics

The enactment of Law Number 10 of 2016 concerning Pilkada which is the second amendment to Law Number 1 of 2015 is expected to improve the quality of holding regional elections better. At least in Law Number 10 of 2016, Bawaslu as the "referee" in regional elections has greater authority, namely being able to cancel candidates who have committed certain violations. However, in the revision of the law, it turns out that there are still a lot of confusions in the various regulations that have even led to a number of interpretations and even a legal vacuum. One of the classic and crucial issues is the issue of money politics. Taking advantage of various regulatory loopholes, the fraudulent practice of money politics in the 2017 simultaneous regional elections, especially in DKI Jakarta, is allegedly still occurring.
Jakarta Perspective, 5 January 2017 at the Kemanggisan Jakarta Populi Center Office, with the theme "Pilkada DKI Jakarta: Between Political Money and Money Politics".

This theme was deliberately raised in the context of active participation in realizing higher quality Pilkada implementation as well as being part of public political education to fight the practice of money politics that can harm the essence and noble ideals of democracy.
At the beginning of his presentation, Usep S. Ahyar, Director of the Populi Center, explained that the practice of money politics, especially in the regional elections, is a classic problem and difficult to get rid of. This practice has a correlation with the rise of KKN after the election of the candidate. Citing data from the 2015 KPK Survey which revealed more than 501 TP3T the public as voters considered giving money in the local elections. In line with the KPK's findings, the Populi Center Survey in DKI Jakarta at the end of 2016 found 26.51 TP3T data for the people of Jakarta who answered that cash assistance was the thing most expected of candidates. According to Usep, this shows that society is still permissive towards the practice of money politics. Usep provides a solution so that political education for the public about the dangers of this practice can be intensified.

In line with Usep, Abdullah Dahlan from ICW said that there were many corruption cases that intersected with the implementation of regional elections. Money Politics has a correlation with corrupt practices. The case of the KPK's Hand-Catching Operation (OTT) against the Regent of Klaten recently is one of the proofs. Furthermore, Dahlan termed the problem of Money Politic practices occurring as "pre-paid" and "post-paid", all of which occurred in the practice circle of "dowry money", donors/supplyers of funds and manipulation of election funding by candidates. The pre-paid period occurs ahead of the implementation of the local elections, while "post-paid" is an attempt by the elected candidate to "return on investment" and pay project debts. Dahlan further conveyed that the mode of practice of Money Politic apart from the conventional method is the politicization of the bureaucracy.

Furthermore, Dahlan also teased about the behavior of one of the DKI Jakarta gubernatorial candidates who promised 1 billion in funds for every RW in Jakarta. According to him, this is full of transactional nuances which are clearly different from the program and promising something to voters is considered a violation. According to Dahlan, imposing sanctions that do not only apply to givers but also recipients, could be a step forward in minimizing the practice of money politics.

Sebastian Salang, Political Observer from Formappi also agrees that money politics has a thread of rampant corruption. "Money politics is an initial investment in the practice of KKN for selected candidates." That's the money. Salang further highlighted the further effect of the dangers of this practice, which is a big loss to the community, which is certain to not get excellent public services. Furthermore, highlighting the many regional election regulations which on the one hand are good but weak in law enforcement. He explained that there has not been a single case of money politics that has led to the disqualification of candidates or the cancellation of the elected candidates. This shows that we are fierce in making rules but weak in enforcing them. he explained.

In his closing presentation, Salang conveyed a solution in order to monitor and prevent the practice of money politics in regional elections by observing track records and candidate funding, mechanisms for collecting public funds using campaign funds that are transparent and accountable. Apart from that, the process of recruiting candidates for candidates by the top leadership of political parties needs to be supervised and transparent so as to prevent the practice of "dowry money" or "buying boats". Because if this is still happening, that is where the practice of money politics begins. he concluded.