The chaos of the DPT: Election legitimacy at stake

JAKARTA. Even though it has passed, the first round of the DKI Jakarta Pilkada still leaves stories about the final voter list (DPT). In political contestation, one thing that cannot be separated from democracy events is the DPT dispute, including what happened in the first round of the DKI Jakarta Pilkada last February 15. Even though overall the first round of the DKI Pilkada went smoothly, from an administrative perspective there is still a lot of homework to be done. Many violations range from not being accommodated by Jakarta residents who actually have the right to vote, or the existence of multiple voters, or even the phenomenon of invisible voters in Jakarta. Seeing these dynamics, the Populi Center and the Catholic Student Association of the Republic of Indonesia collaborated to hold a discussion with the theme "Jakarta Perspective" with the topic "DPT Marut Marut: Election Legitimacy at stake" at the PMKRI Central Secretariat jl Sam Ratulangi No 1, Menteng, Central Jakarta on Thursday , March 30, 2017.

With Dahlia Umar (Commissioner of KPUD DKI Jakarta), Khoirunnisa Agustyati (Deputy of Perludem Program), Usep S Ahyar (Director of Populi Center), and Dominicus Dhima (Member of PMKRI Instructor Resource Training Institute) and moderated by Gunawan Hartono. Khoirunnisa realized that indeed DKI residents were in the first round and there were still many who were not facilitated. On the other hand, what Ninis notes is that Law No. 10 of 2016 concerning Pilkada requires voters to have an electronic KTP, but as we can see that this policy is also not without problems after we know that the e-KTP project has not been completed, he stressed. In organizing regional elections, the KPU allows those who have not registered as DPT or do not have an electronic KTP to vote by first obtaining a certificate (Suket). However, what was highlighted by Ninis, his nickname was about how KPPS understood the law.

In the first round, voters who used a ticket should be automatically included in the DPT or at least did not take care of the ticket again, but many KPPS withheld the ticket, requiring the voters to arrange it again for the second round later. Usep highlighted the problem of how to improve the system in determining the DPT. Because it is often found that residents who have died are still listed, this requires village officials to continue to validate the existence of residents so that no residents' rights are wasted. In addition, it is also related to the difficulty of data collection officers to collect data, especially in elite areas where it is sometimes difficult to verify the occupants of the house. In this context, it's not just the election organizers, the attention and participation of citizens is also needed. Usep concluded that population administration is an important key to the success of local elections and is the basis for fulfilling political rights as well as fulfilling citizens' economic rights. Dahlia Umar as the DKI KPUD Commissioner is trying to straighten out the existence of the ticket, where the list of ticket recipients in the first round will be integrated in the second round, because he thinks that citizens' voting rights must be facilitated and cannot be lost. Even first-time voters who will turn 17 years old on April 19 will be able to exercise their right to vote. Apart from that, people who have been registered as DKI Jakarta residents after the determination of the DPT on December 6 2016 can exercise their right to vote through the additional voter list route.

However, on the other hand, Dahlia also criticized the fact that population transfers had to be updated in a database. So that socialization and potential loss of voice can be minimized. From the perspective of student organizations, Dominicus Dhima sees that one of the factors in the chaos of the DPT is due to the lack of optimal socialization. Sometimes citizens who don't vote are not because they don't want to vote, but because they don't know whether the person concerned has registered as a voter or not. So that in this case, PMKRI represents a student organization that really wants to be involved in the process of educating citizens to participate in democracy. The process of awareness of democracy is the context of a joint movement. At the end of the discussion, Dahlia added that the community must play an active role, not abstain, and must get good references about the candidates. This can be seen from the debate that will be held by the DKI KPUD on April 12.

Overall the process for the first round of the DKI Jakarta Pilkada went well, but it must be improved in the second round later. Voters, participants, organizers and observers must work together to create quality elections. In addition, knowledge about Pilkada and its implementation must be understood by all citizens, including organizers at the grassroots so that they can facilitate citizens who are entitled regardless of ethnicity, ethnicity or religion so as to create peaceful Pilkada and the second round trend in 2012 must be repeated.